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Rewinding 2018

2018: The year of Kisan March and Bharat Bandh

Arti Ghargi

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kisan

It’s almost the end of the year and it is time to bid adieu to 2018. The year has been quite an eventful one, jam-packed with action, movements, protests, debates, elections and many more. “Rewinding 2018” is a humble effort of HW News to throw light on all such incidents that made headlines in every sphere of life in 2018. 

Here are protests and movements that rocked India in 2018:

Kisan Long March:

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The 35,000 farmers who marched all the way from Nashik to Mumbai to thank for this. The farmers who were upset with the state government’s policies decided to walk 180 kilometres to make the government listen to their demands. The Kisan Long March was organized by the All India Kisan Sabha which affiliated with CPI(M).

The next day, a delegation of the farmers met the Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis taking up their demands. After the meet, Fadnavis in a press conference told the media that the government has accepted 90% of the farmer’s demands and the government will implement them within the next six months. Following the assurance, the farmers called off the protest and returned to Nashik.

 

Bharat Bandh by Dalit organizations:

Bharat Bandh

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On Monday, April 2, several Dalit Organizations took it to the street to protest the recent amendment by the Supreme Court in the SC/ST act. The vigorous protest that ensued took a violent turn killing as much as 10 people from the states of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Gujarat etc. The centre filed a review petition in the Supreme Court, however, the Court turned down the petition filed by the Centre.

 

Bharat Bandh by Anti-reservations activists:

SC/ST

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The General category and OBC members in Madhya Pradesh called for a Bharat bandh in protest against the Parliament passing an amendment to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act that overrode a Supreme Court order diluting it. As upper caste groups continue to protest against the Act that provides protections to the SC and ST community, several states took precautions to prevent the situation from deteriorating. Nearly 35 upper caste bodies called for a Bharat Bandh in Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. In Madhya Pradesh, Section 144 was imposed in 10 districts.

 

Delhi Kisan March:

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Thousands of farmers from across the country converged in Delhi on November 29 for a two-day protest rally to press for their demands, including debt relief and remunerative prices for their produce.

Farmers, from Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and other states marched on four different routes in the national capital, starting at three major railway stations Anand Vihar, Nizamuddin and Bijwasan and at Sabzi Mandi. All the marchers poured in at Ramlila Ground in the heart of the city by evening. Farmers from Delhi, Punjab and Haryana started coming in by 10:30 am.

Rewinding 2018

Five landmark judgments by Supreme Court that defined progressive India in 2018

Arti Ghargi

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supreme court

It’s almost the end of the year and it is time to bid adieu to 2018. The year has been quite an eventful one, jam-packed with action, movements, protests, debates, elections and many more. “Rewinding 2018” is a humble effort of HW News to throw light on all such incidents that made headlines in every sphere of life in 2018. 

Here are the five landmark judgments that defined progressive India in 2018:

Repealing Section 377 and decriminalising homosexuality:

section-377

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In a landmark judgement passed on September 6 by the Supreme Court, it struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The Constitution bench of Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak Misra and other four judges decriminalised homosexuality and gay sex in consenting adults. The CJI in his judgement stated that Section 377 is ‘irrational’, ‘arbitrary’, and ‘incomprehensible’ as it shackles the right to equality for the people belonging to the LGBTQ community.

It was in July 2013, in the round of earlier litigation, the top court reserved the ruling of the Delhi High Court decriminalizing homosexuality or same-sex relationship. On 17 July, the top court stated that it was duty bound to strike the law down that clashes with fundamental rights and the majoritarian government should not be left to address it.

 

Decriminalising Adultery:

adultery

 

Almost 150 years after its inception, the Supreme Court of India finally struck down the archaic Section 497 of Indian Penal Code, popularly known as the “Adultery Law”.  In the historic judgment, the five-judge Constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra observed that it violated Article 14 of the Constitution, which provides equality before the law. “It’s time to say the husband is not the master,” CJI Dipak Mishra said while reading out the judgment. The constitution bench unanimously made an observation that Adultery in itself can be a ground for civil issues including divorce, however, it cannot amount to a criminal offence.

 

AADHAR Judgement:

Aadhaar

The validity of AADHAR and its constitutionality was among the most discussed issue this year.  On September 26, in what can be called as a balanced judgment the Supreme Court upheld the constitutional validity of ‘Aadhaar’ however it also limited the biometric identity project. The Supreme Court also ruled that it is not mandatory for bank accounts, mobile connections or school admissions. A five-judge constitution bench headed by the then Chief Justice Dipak Misra in a 4:1 verdict held there was nothing in the Aadhaar Act that violates right to privacy of an individual.

 

Live stream of SC Proceedings:

government

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The Supreme Court on September 26 in its historic judgement announced the court proceedings can be live streamed in the larger public interest.

The Five Judges Constitutional bench headed by Chief Justice Deepak Misra in its judgement said, “Rules have to be followed for this. Live streaming of court proceedings will bring accountability in the judicial system.” The bench further added that “Sunlight is the best disinfectant” stating that it will promote transparency in the judiciary. The bench further added that “Appropriate Rules in that regard will be framed soon under Article 145 of the Constitution of India.”

 

Women’s entry in Sabarimala Temple:

sabarimala

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The Supreme Court on September 28 in a historic judgement allowed women from the age of 10 to 50 to enter in the Sabarimala Temple in Kerala.

The five-judge constitutional bench headed by Chief Justice Deepak Misra in a 4:1 verdict allowed the entry of women of all age in the Sabarimala Temple. Delivering the Judgement the bench aid, “Right to worship is given to all devotees and there can be no discrimination on the basis of gender.” The bench further added that “The practice of barring women in age group of 10-50 to go inside the temple is violative of constitutional principles.”

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Rewinding 2018

2018 In Full Circle

Ali Azar

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2018

As yet another year draws to a close and we stare down the barrel of a 12 month period full of drama, undoubtedly everybody feels at least a year older, if not more. Perhaps it’s time we look back and take inspiration from the pre-world war II Japanese tradition of not celebrating, but just acknowledging our birthdays (modern day Japan is now influenced by the west and birthdays are celebrated, not just acknowledged like pre WW II era) which would serve as a reminder that age is catching on. But I digress. If anyone thought the year 2018 in India was smooth sailing – I hate to burst your bubble – but it simply wasn’t. With the Modi government becoming ever more controlling and basing all their policy decisions keeping next year’s general election in mind, we were bound to be in for an eventful year – which is exactly what we got. Listed below are newsworthy categories and the two most important headlines within them that shaped our year.

As the year draws to a close and we stand on the cusp of new beginnings, we remain grateful, for in spite of all our complaints, India still has a structure of democracy that actually works. Keeping a prayer in mind for our brothers and sisters in war-torn Syria or the catastrophic economic deterioration in countries such as Venezuela, our country also remains hopeful for the upcoming general elections. Irrespective of the result, we hope whichever party emerges victorious will work towards the upliftment and development of not only our country but of the entire world in whatever capacity we can contribute. Here’s to wishing you happy holidays and a safe and joyful new year from our entire team at HW News Network!!

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Rewinding 2018

Sessions in Action: Five Important Bills passed in Parliament this year

News Desk

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It’s almost the end of the year and it is time to bid adieu to 2018. The year has been quite an eventful one, jam-packed with action, movements, protests, debates, elections and many more. “Rewinding 2018” is a humble effort of HW News to throw light on all such incidents that made headlines in every sphere of life in 2018. 

 

Here are five important bills that were passed in parliament:

The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018:

bill

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Parliament on July 25  passed The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, that seeks to prevent big economic offenders like Vijay Mallya and Nirav Modi from fleeing the country to evade the legal process. The bill was passed by a voice vote in the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha had cleared this Bill on July 19.
The Bill allows for a person to be declared as a fugitive economic offender (FEO) if: (i) an arrest warrant has been issued against him for any specified offences where the value involved is over Rs 100 crore, and (ii) he has left the country and refuses to return to face prosecution.

 

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill (Amendment):

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The parliament in 2018 Monsoon session amended The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill. The bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 23, 2018. It was passed in Lok Sabha on July 31 and in Rajya Sabha on August 10.

The Bill amends the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 to clarify that allottees under a real estate project should be treated as financial creditors. The Bill allows the withdrawal of a resolution application submitted to the NCLT under the Code.  This decision can be taken with the approval of 90% of the committee of creditors.

 

The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) bill:

SC/ST

The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2018 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr Thaawarchand Gehlot, on August 3, 2018.  It seeks to amend the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.  In 2018, the Supreme Court order said that approval of the Senior Superintendent of Police will be required before an arrest is made under the act. The amended Bill made the above suggestions of Supreme Court non-mandatory for the investigating officer.

 

Triple Talaq Bill, 2018:

bill

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The controversial Muslim Women Bill (also known as Triple Talaq Bill) to penalize the practice of instant triple talaq was passed in Lok Sabha on December 27. Out of total 256 votes cast on the Muslim Women Bill (Triple Talaq), 245 votes were counted in support of the bill while 11 were cast in against. All 4 amendment introduced by AIMIM MP Assaduddin Owaisi were rejected during the voting in the Lok Sabha. In protest of the proposed bill, both Congress and AIADMK staged their walkout from the Lok Sabha.

Under the proposed law, giving instant triple talaq will be illegal and void and will attract a jail term of three years for the husband. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018 would supersede an earlier Bill passed in the Lok Sabha and pending in the Rajya Sabha.

An earlier bill was approved by the Lower House. But amid opposition by some parties in the Upper House, the government had cleared some amendments, including the introduction of a provision of bail, to make it more palatable. But as the Bill continued to face resistance in the Rajya Sabha, the government issued an ordinance in September, incorporating amendments.

 

The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Amendment Bill, 2018:

gst

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The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Amendment Bill, 2018 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Finance, Mr. Piyush Goyal on August 7, 2018. It amends the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act, 2017.  The Act provides for compensation to states for any loss in revenue due to the implementation of GST.
Compensation Fund: The Act allows the central government to levy a GST Compensation Cess on the supply of certain goods and services.  The receipts from the cess are deposited to a GST Compensation Fund. The amount deposited in the Fund is used to compensate states for any loss in revenue following the implementation of GST.

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